Tents are important gear for camping, but not the only gear. Its role in camping is limited. Generally speaking, camping tents do not promise to keep warm. Camping to keep warm is the task of camping sleeping bags. The main functions of camping tents are windproof, rainproof, dust-proof, dew-proof and moisture-proof, providing campers with a relatively comfortable rest environment.
2. Sleeping Bag
Sleeping bags can be divided into double and single according to size, according to material can be divided into cotton and down, semi-cotton and semi-down sleeping bag are less on the market, but it is very practical in specific occasions! According to shape, the mainstream are envelope sleeping bags and mummy sleeping bags.
The choice of camping sleeping bags should be based on the specific conditions of the campsite, mainly depending on the comfort temperature. The comfort temperature of the cotton sleeping bags with thicker markers is - 8 C to - 10 C. In fact, it is generally suitable to use them at 0 C to - 5 C. When the weather is warmer and hotter, the sleeping bag gallbladder and ordinary air conditioning are enough.
Another important part of camping is cooking by yourself, so stoves are essential. A complete set of pots and pans for four people.
4. Prepare warm clothes
For example, the temperature in the field is much lower than that in the indoor, and the detachable inner liner is more practical and convenient.
Near water. Camps should be located close to the source of water, so as to ensure the use of water for cooking and drinking, but also to provide water for washing, if far away from the source of water, it will bring a lot of inconvenience, even danger to the camp. But in deep mountains and dense forests, close to the water source will encounter wildlife, we should pay special attention to it.
Leeward. Wind can quickly take away the heat of the human body, make people cold and even cause disease. At the same time, strong wind will sweep away tents, at least it will stir up people unable to rest, light bonfires will be more difficult, cooking and heating is difficult to guarantee, so camps must take shelter from the wind. It's better to be in the leeward of a hill, in the forest or in the forest margin, in a cave, on the side of a ridge, under a rock, etc.
- Tents should be set up on hard and flat ground as far as possible, and no camps should be set up on riverbanks and dry riverbeds.
- The entrance of the camping tent should be leeward, and the camping tent should be far away from the rolling hillside.
- In order to avoid flooding when it rains, a drainage ditch should be dug directly below the edge line of the roof.
- The four corners of the camping tent should be pressed down with big stones.
- Air circulation should be maintained in the tent, and cooking in the camping tent should prevent fire.
- Before going to bed at night, check whether all the flames have been extinguished and whether the camping tent is fixed and strong.
Charcoal fires roast roots of plants, fish, birds, freshwater mussels and many other foods directly on charcoal fires.
Before baking, you can wrap a layer of clay or a layer of leaves, which will never burn the food. This method does not need to pluck hair, remove viscera, or scrape fish scales. After the food is fully cooked, as long as the mud wrapped outside is peeled off, the hair and scales can be removed.
The bonfire roasts small pieces of roots of animals, small fish, birds and plants, which are put on wet sticks or twigs, and baked directly on the bonfire.
The earthen pot cooks the food in a earthen pot, lined with foil, then puts clean water and food to be cooked in it, and then adds hot stones until the water boils. Cover with large green leaves for at least 1 hour until the food is fully cooked.
Relevant supporting gear for tents
As mentioned above, tents without mats, moisture-proof pads, air pads, sleeping bags and other ancillary gear are also unable to sleep comfortably in the field for a night. Here we will introduce the camping gear of the tent.
1. floor mat
The floor is a protective base cloth laid directly under the tent and close to the ground. The requirements for the floor are generally low. Oxford cloth is common. Its main function is to keep the bottom of the tent clean and prevent the bottom of the tent from being punctured by sharp objects. The general floor size is slightly larger than the tent.
2. Moisture-proof pad
The function of moistureproof pad is to keep the body dry. Now the main material is 3 mm thick pearl cotton single-sided or double-sided covered with aluminum foil. The specifications are generally larger than the bottom of the tent. It is better to stand on both sides of the tent for more than 5 centimeters.
Moisture-proof pad on the top of the air pad, the above two gear is the necessary gear of the tent, regardless of the four seasons. There are many choices for floor mattress and air pads. According to the season and use, I will share them with you here.
3. Air pad
Now the mainstream pad is divided into folding pad and self-inflatable sleeping pad. The main advantages of folding pad are lightweight and suitable for full-load travel. There are two shortcomings, one is large, incompressible; the other is relatively thin, not suitable for use in winter. The thickness of self-inflatable sleeping pad is 3-8 cm. The lining material is high elastic sponge. Each manufacturer chooses different materials. Needless to say, the thicker it is, the more comfortable it will be, but the thicker it will be, the heavier it will be.
For the choice of floor pad, it is recommended that if not in winter, full-load Backpack Travel choose folding pad, if in winter or self-driving camping choose inflatable pad. As for double or single self-inflatable sleeping pad, it should be chosen according to its own use and hobbies. It is suggested that if you use double self-inflatable sleeping pad, you use two single stitching, which will have a lot of combinability.